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Chen-Hao Luo:Amphibole fractionation as a key driver for oxidation of magmas in convergent margins【EPSL,2024】
Jul 1, 2024 Views:4

During the process of differentiation, the magmas in convergent margins undergo an increase of oxidized nature, accompanied by a decreased Fe content and concentration of heavy Fe isotopes. Garnet and amphibole are both Fe-rich minerals, which can be responsible for this phenomenon through fractional crystallization. One prevailing hypothesis suggests that Fe2+-rich garnet cumulates in the arc root as a "crustal redox filter." However, the stability of garnets is highly dependent on pressure conditions. In contrast, amphibole can crystallize under a broader range of temperature and pressure conditions and is a more common mineral phase in magmas. As such, the contribution of amphibole might have been underappreciated. Here, we conducted elemental composition, zircon trace element, and high-precision Fe isotope analyses on Miocene magmatic rocks from the Gangdese arc to trace the evolution of magmatic oxidation. The results indicate that the enrichment of heavy Fe isotopes in these magmas is primarily controlled by amphibole-dominated fractional crystallization rather than garnet. This also implies that amphibole fractional crystallization may play a role in enhancing the oxygen fugacity of the magmas. Taking a global perspective, we found a pervasive correlation between amphibole fractional crystallization and Fe isotope fractionation in magmatism at convergent plate margins, indicating its widely applicable influence on oxidation. The influence of garnet cannot be entirely neglected in some specific scenarios, such as within thickened continental arcs, but its impact is generally limited. Continuous amphibole fractional crystallization increases oxidation, facilitating the mobilization and concentration of Cu within the magma, thereby enhancing the potential for porphyry deposit formation. This impact is especially notable in spatiotemporally related magmatic events and could be decisive in determining the magmatic mineralization potential.


Article link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2024.118851